The role of skin cancer knowledge in sun-related behaviours: A systematic review

Abstract

Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in many Western countries. This systematic review provides a comprehensive
overview of the relationship between skin cancer knowledge and sun-protective, exposure and tanning behaviours in the general
population. A total of 34 studies, published in peer-reviewed journals over three decades, were reviewed and synthesised.
Sun-protective behaviour was positively associated with skin cancer knowledge in most cases. Findings were inconsistent regarding
other sun-related behaviours. Heterogeneity in measurement compromised the capacity to definitively link knowledge and sun-related
behaviours. There is a need for development and utilisation of a standardised skin cancer knowledge scale, and guidelines
are suggested.

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